You are here
The routine content of occupations: new cross-country measures based on PIAAC
This work proposes a novel measure of the routine content of occupations, built on data from the OECD PIAAC survey of adult skills mirroring the extent to which workers can modify the type and sequence of tasks performed on the job. Based on median values of individuals’ responses in 3-digit occupations across 20 OECD countries, occupations are grouped into quartiles of routine intensity, namely high (HR), medium (MR), low (LR), and non-routine intensive (NR). On average, in 2012, 46% of employed persons worked in NR or LR occupations, with significant differences in the distribution between quartiles across countries. While more routine intensive occupations tend to be associated with lower skills, this relationship is not very strong. Applying the RII on employment data from Labour Force Surveys, MR and HR occupations are found to be less resilient to business cycles, with notable differences across quartiles between Europe and the United States.
Dr. Mariagrazia Squicciarini is Senior Economist – Head of Unit at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), within the Directorate for Science Technology and Innovation (STI).
She is responsible for the OECD Working Party on Industry Analysis (WPIA), which develops indicators and quantitative analysis in the area of innovation and economic performance. Her work encompasses the changing determinants of growth and productivity; the economics of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR); the generation of knowledge based capital and its relation to economic performance; and global value chains, job and skill patterns.
She is responsible for the IPR-related data and analysis work carried out in the Directorate, and oversees the STI Microdata Lab initiative, a project aimed at linking micro-level data as firm-specific information, IPR- and scientific publication-data, for indicator and econometric analysis work in support of evidence-based policy making.
She chairs the OECD-led IP Taskforce, which sees the presence of top IPR and Statistical Offices worldwide and aims to coordinate the work undertaken by national and international institutions in the field of IPR statistics by means of: fostering and co-ordinating statistical and methodological work; exchanging information; enhancing data collection, processing and dissemination; and organising annual conferences on IPR statistics, the “IP Statistic for Decision Makers” conference.
She has been a member of the Economic and Scientific Advisory Board (ESAB) of the European Patent Office (EPO). She holds a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Essex (UK) and has had previous appointments at VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland (FI), the University of Essex (UK), the European Commission-Joint Research Centre “Institute for Prospective Technological Studies”(IPTS, ES), and the Italian National Research Centre for the Development of Advanced Materials (CNRSM, IT). She has published a number of scientific papers and reports and acts as a reviewer for many international peer-review journals.
FBK-IRVAPP, Vicolo Dallapiccola 12, 38122 Trento