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Who benefits from educational transfers in-kind? Evidence from Italy
We estimate structural quantile treatment effects to analyze the mechanisms leading to the redistributivness of educational transfers in-kind. We exploit heterogeneity in tax deductions to exogenously manipulate the prevailing distribution of net incomes, equalized by families needs, and explore the consequences of this manipulation on various quantiles of the distribution of the amount of educational transfers in-kind. We find that increases in households' income always lower the amount of educational transfers in-kind received. We show that an increase in income reduces the amount of educational transfers in-kind (i) more for higher quantiles of the educational transfers in-kind (ii) more for lower quantiles of the ability to pay for educational services. We interpret our results as evidence of a self-targeting device that discourages households with higher earning to benefit from public education provision, and incentives to opt out for private education.
Daniela Sonedda holds a Bachelor Degree in Political Sciences, major Economics, at the University of Cagliari (IT, 1995) and a Master of Science in Economics at the University of Warwick (UK, 1997). She also received a Doctorate in Economics at the University of Pavia (IT, 2001) and a DPhil in Economics at University College London (UK, 2003). Since 2002 she is Assistant Professor of Economics at the University of Piemonte Orientale. Her research interests are in Labour Economics and Public Economics.
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